Specific claims are based on problems related to contract management, Indian law, First Nations resources and land disposal. While the hearing is the preferred approach of both parties to resolve these claims, an agreement can also be reached by administrative or judicial appeal. Specific claims are usually made by indigenous groups living in the provinces, unlike the territories, and most settlements are made up of compensation and land (sometimes only land). It was in this broad and rapidly changing political and legal context that Nunavut`s original proposal was developed by ITC in 1975. Negotiations with the Canadian government have been slow and hesitant; the parties had very different views on the magnitude, intent and preferred outcome of the exercise. To expedite the process, the negotiating mandate for the Nunavut claim was withdrawn in 1982 by ITC and entrusted to a newly created Inuit organization, the Tungavik Federation of Nunavut (TFN), created to negotiate a modern contract with the Government of Canada. 9) NLCA guarantees a share of the federal government`s royalties for Nunavut Inuit from the oil, gas and mineral development on the Crown. To date, 26 modern contracts have been signed between the Crown and Aboriginal peoples, covering more than 40 per cent of Canada`s land mass. During the 1980s, the land claims team oversaw new progress that no longer occurred on the political development front, but maintained a complete separation between the initiatives. On the night of December 7, 1989, a meeting was held on Parliament Hill between Inuit leaders, the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and the GNWT to conclude the final questions related to the Nunavut AIP land claim.
In preparation for the meeting, the Minister had written to the territory government asking for assistance in defining a process and timetable for a decision on Nunavut. At the meeting, GNWT and TFN agreed to develop, within six months of the IPA, a procedure for creating Nunavut outside the foe-la claim agreement, in accordance with the 1987 Iqaluit Agreement, including the requirement for a territorial-scale referendum at the border. The commitment was set out in section 4 of the fundamental law AIP, confirming the principled support of the three parties for the rapid creation of Nunavut. Article 4 reached agreement on the remaining legal issues. The federal government makes funds available in the form of contributions to Aboriginal associations for research and presentation of their claims. Once the applications are filed, Department of Justice lawyers and CIRNAC officials determine the acceptability of any application. After adoption, additional funds will be made available to research and negotiation associations. These payments must be refunded on the proceeds of any compensation. Over more than four decades of negotiations on indigenous claims in Canada, the system has responded to national and international changes in communications, the economy, value systems and policies. The implementation of the agreements on the agreed requirements laid the groundwork for improvements and revisions, as well as a series of confrontations. The NLCA negotiations were a comprehensive, 20-year process that took place under the mandate of four Prime Ministers. Inuit negotiators never gave up their main objective – self-management and separate territory – and were willing to sacrifice demand instead of signing an agreement that did not contain these points.
Historic contracts 1 to 11, signed between 1871 and 1922 – often referred to as numbered contracts – mainly included the prairie provinces (see Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba) and Ontario. The settlement of non-Aboriginal people in most of British Columbia, as well as in the Yukon, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Quebec and eastern Canada (see Nova Scotia; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Prince Edward Island acted without confronting the issue of indigenous title on earth.